State ARPA Utilization Database
The American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA) of 2021 – a $1.9 trillion economic relief package – was signed by President Joe Biden March 11. The ARPA addresses the need for short-term economic relief and provides long-term investments for economic recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic.
The ARPA includes $350 billion in new funding for state, local, territorial and tribal governments through the Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Fund (SLFRF). Within the SLFRF, $195 billion is distributed directly to state governments and the District of Columbia through one or two disbursements. States must obligate this funding by December 31, 2024 and expend it by December 31, 2026. These funds can be used to:
- Support the public health response.
- Address the negative economic impacts caused by the public health emergency.
- Serve the hardest-hit communities and families.
- Replace lost public sector revenue.
- Invest in water, sewer and broadband infrastructure.
- Ensure premium pay for essential workers.
While there are some restrictions on the use of funds, states have considerable discretion in deciding how best to use this funding to meet the needs of their states.
Utilizing this large influx of funds to maximize economic recovery presents both opportunities and challenges for states. Recognizing the desire of policymakers to learn and share best practices, The Council of State Governments (CSG) conducted an extensive 50 state scan of the allocation of ARPA funds, focused on SLFRF. State ARPA allocation data was collected by analyzing state actions, enacted legislation appropriating ARPA funding and State Recovery Plan Performance Reports submitted to the U.S Treasury. In collaboration with the National Association of State Budget Officers (NASBO), the state allocations were reviewed and verified by state budget offices.
The State ARPA Utilization Database includes the following elements:
- Category: General program area of fund allocation.
- Legislative Authority: Link to legislation appropriating ARPA funds or documentation of executive action.
- Summary: Brief description of ARPA fund allocation.
- Authorizing Language: Enabling language from legislation and/or other documents authorizing the allocation of ARPA funds.
- Amount Budgeted: Amount authorized (in dollars).
- Distributing Entity: Entity charged with distributing funds (state agency, commission, third-party, non-profit organization, etc.).
- Distribution Method: May include increased funds through existing state or local program formula, competitive grants, procurement of services, etc.
- Final Approval: If applicable, entity with final authority for determining funding distribution.
NOTE: Database includes information from 40 states as of November 22, 2021. CSG analysts are continuing to collect and verify data for the remaining 10 states and update the website with additional state actions.
For information on fund allocations for citites and non-entitlement units (NEU) of local governments, see resources developed by The National League of Cities (NLC) – https://www.nlc.org/resource/local-allocations-in-the-american-rescue-plan/
For informationon fund allocations for counties, see resources developed by The National Associations of Counties (NACo) – https://www.naco.org/resources/featured/state-and-local-coronavirus-fiscal-recovery-funds
For information on fund allocations for territories and tribes, see resources developed by the U.S. Department of the Treasury – https://home.treasury.gov/policy-issues/coronavirus/assistance-for-state-local-and-tribal-governments/state-and-local-fiscal-recovery-funds
Governor Proposals for American Rescue Plan Funds
Click on states to view available proposals.
Enacted State Budgets
Click on states to learn more.